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Canadian Immigration Overview
In 1947 the Canadian government issued the Order in Council #1647 granting permission for 1,000 Jewish war orphans to enter Canada. The War Orphans Project prompted a search for eligible children in Europe. Members of the Canadian Jewish Congress and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) worked to find orphans under the age of eighteen and to facilitate their immigration to Canada. Other less fortunate survivors remained in orphanages and DP camps for years after the war, waiting for the international community to determine their fate.
Canadian Jewish Congress / CJC
An organization of the Canadian Jewish community, founded in 1919, but was dormant until events in Europe revitalized it in 1933. During and after the war, it worked to secure asylum for Jewish refugees in Canada.
UNRRA
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration founded in 1943 by the Allies to aid refugees in the liberated countries of Europe and the Far East. After the war, it provided relief and helped millions of displaced persons repatriate or emigrate.
War Orphans Project
An initiative of the Canadian Jewish community that secured the permission of the Canadian government to admit Jewish orphans after the war. In 1947, Privy Council Order #1647 was issued permitting 1000 Jewish war orphans, under eighteen years of age, to immigrate to Canada under the auspices of Canadian Jewish congress, with the stipulation that full responsibility for the children's welfare be assumed by the Jewish community.