wards are the rooms with patient beds,
where patients eat, sleep, and receive
general care from doctors and nurses.
In the 19th century patient wards
were generally smelly, lice infested,
noisy, dirty, and disorderly. By the
early 20th century they became increasingly
quiet, tidy, disinfected, and efficient
in their daily routines.
Through the 20th century the average
length of stay in a hospital ward
has steadily decreased, but so has
the chance that a nurse will know
your name without looking on your