getting special medical attention
is a twentieth-century thing. There
was a time when we took it for granted
that many children died before the
age of five. Then we realized that
some simple measures could reduce
child mortality significantly. We
also realized that if we took care
to have healthy children, we were
more likely to have healthy, able,
adults (to be soldiers and workersa
big concern in the early 20th century).
Society began to see children as an
important investment. We developed
a special interest in the health of
children. Pediatrics was born.