The following are a few definitions and drawings to help you better understand some of the technical vocabulary used in architecture. These words are found mainly in the technical profiles, in orange-coloured print and tagged "Definition in glossary".
Framing system in which the floor joists of each floor rest on the wall plate of the lower floor (or on the sill plate of the first floor). The retaining walls and partitions rest on the siding support of each floor.
The definition of vernacular may differ from one author to the next, but the term generally refers to local architecture (sometimes indigenous in certain countries) born out of craftsmanship and necessity (weather, culture, materials) rather than widespread artistic movements.