Sails illustration: slide of ship "Morning Light"

   This illustration shows the ship "Morning Light" about to pick up her pilot at Point Lynas on the coast of North Wales on her way into Liverpool, England. Oil on canvas painting signed 'W.H. Yorke, Liverpool 1884'.

1. Flying Jib
2. Outer Jib
3. Inner jib
4. Fore topmast staysail
5. Fore sail or fore course
6. Fore lower topsail
7. Fore upper topsail
8. Fore topgallant sail
9. Fore royal
10. Main lower topmast staysail
11. Middle staysail
12. Main topgallant staysail
13. Main sail or main course
14. Main lower topsail
15. Main upper topsail
16. Main topgallant sail
17. Main royal
18. Mizzen topmast staysail
19. Mizzen topgallant staysail
20. Crossjack or mizzen course
21. Mizzen lower topsail
22. Mizzen upper topsail
23. Mizzen topgallant sail
24. Mizzen royal
25. Spanker


There are several books which illustrate all of these names. Two of the best are:
    Capt. H. Paasch "From Keel to Truck: A Dictionary of Naval Terms" First published 1885. Reprinted 1997.
   Tre Tryckare "The Lore of Ships" published by Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1963. Republished 1990 and 1997.