Before clearing on March 3rd, 1883 a charter party for a return cargo was arranged with S.D. Adams & Co. or a return cargo of iron ore from Huelva, Spain. The quantity to be 'say 500 to 700 tons quantity at Captain's option' at a rate of ten shillings and sixpence (sterling) per ton. In calculating lay days for loading the document indicates a rate of loading of 100 tons per weather working day. Ten pounds per day being the demurrage.
   The run to Oporto took 33 days. Oporto to Huelva six days and the return to Philadelphia 52 days.


Ship 'Morning Light' nearing Liverpool, England
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia


On her next voyage, while the vessel was in transit to Cette (Sete), France (sailed 3 Aug, arrived 24 Sept 1883), another iron ore cargo was arranged in New York. The ore was to be picked up at either Huelva or Marbella (it turned out to be the latter). This charter party restricts delays 'always mutually excepted' to those 'dangers and accidents of the Seas, Rivers and navigation' while removing (i.e. crossing out) 'The act of God, the Queen's enemies, restraints of Rulers and Princes, Fire, Strikes, Stoppages of Mines from which the Ore is to be shipped and all and every other (danger).' Discharge to be in Philadelphia--where the 'Southern Belle' arrived on Dec 30th.


Barque 'Mary Killam' entering Amsterdam
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia


-Philadelphia to Lisbon (with approximately 26,400 gallons of refined petroleum). This passage was marred by storm damage and the 'Southern Belle' had to put into Bermuda for repairs.

-Lisbon to Philadelphia
-Philadelphia to Newcastle (England) with petroleum.


Coal charter
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia


In Newcastle a charter party was signed on Oct. 11th, 1884 which indicated the cargo to be 400 tons of bricks and cement and 'about 400 tons of nut Coal... The cargo not to exceed 800 tons in all' to be loaded 'in 12 Colliery working days after being in dock, unballasted and ready... Riots, Strikes or Lock-out of Pitmen or Workmen, Restrictions of Out-put, Stoppage of Trains and all and every unavoidable hindrance, which may prevent or delay the loading always excepted.' The ship to proceed to Buenos Ayres and/or Riachuelo; the freight being twenty three shillings per Ton of 29 cwt. The cargo was to be discharged at the rate of 40 tons a working day or pay a demurrage of 4d per regr. ton per working day 'except in case of hands striking work, frosts or floods, or other unavoidable cause'. This charter party, aside from paying the Captain eight pounds gratuity also allows him 'to take on board not less than one per cent. of Coals for Ship's use, and have the same endorsed on Bills of Lading, and no portion of the cargo to be retained on board after the ship is discharged.' 'Southern Belle' departed Newcastle in early November and arrived in Buenos Ayres on Jan 8th.


Browse Island, Indian Ocean
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia


On January 22nd, 1885 her agents in Liverpool, G.T. Soley & Co., arranged for her to sail from Buenos Ayres for Maceio (Brazil) with orders to load approximately 700 tons of sugar for an American, British or European port. The destination turned out to be Cronstadt (the port for St. Petersburg, Russia).
   From here 'Southern Belle' was to load wood for Bristol. She departed on September 5th and arrived at her destination on October 14th, l885.
   On December 4th 'Southern Belle' sailed from Cardiff with a cargo of coal for Rio de Janeiro where she arrived on Jan 30th, 1886.
   Rio de Janeiro to Barbados, West Indies to Pensacola, Florida. At Pensacola she was to load 'resawed pitch pine lumber for Santos, Brazil.
   At Paraiba, Brazil she loaded sugar for Liverpool, England. Another South American coal charter followed. She sailed on March 7th or 8th. She arrived at Buenos Ayres on May 23rd.


Ship 'County of Yarmouth'
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia


'Southern Belle' could not obtain a satisfactory charter from Buenos Ayres and so sailed in ballast for Barbados in early July. She then proceeded to New Orleans arriving of Oct 4th. Her cargo from there to Oporto, Portugal was to be 'Dry seasoned extra heavy Pipe Staves both under and upon deck'.
   On Feb 18th 1888 the vessel was in Barbados and was told to proceed to Grand Turk to load 'a cargo of salt in bulk but not exceeding twenty thousand bushels'. The April 4th issue of the 'Yarmouth Herald' published the following item:
   'Turks Island, March 17 - Barque 'Southern Belle' (of Yarmouth, N.S.), while getting underway with an adverse wind March 12 took the bottom where she remained a few hours. With assistance from shore she was floated with little or no damage, the weather being very moderate. A board of survey proclaimed her seaworthy and she proceeded on her voyage to Philadelphia yesterday. While ashore a small portion of cargo (salt) was jettisoned.'


Ship 'Mary Durkee'
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia


-Philadelphia (where repairs were carried out) to Newport, Monmouthshire to Boca del Riachuelo (Argentina) with coal. She arrived Sept 10th, 1888.

One month later (Oct 10th, 1888) she sailed, presumably in ballast, for Barbados. She was directed, once more, to Turks Island (arrived Dec 25th) to load salt for New York. Again there was damage to the vessel: 'broke two topsail yards and lost and split sails on the voyage' as reported by the 'New York Maritime Register'.

-New York to Sable D'Olonne (fifty or so miles south of St. Nazaire, France).

   Then to Cardiff to load 'about 900 Tons of Corys Merthyr coals' for Port La Plata (Buenos Ayres) - the rate being 33 shillings and 6 pence per ton.
   Before sailing the 'Southern Belle' was sold on April 9th, 1889; however the buyers agreed to carry out this charter. The new owners were from the Åland Islands. One of them was Gustav Eriksson who was later to become owner of the world's largest fleet of sailing vessels which sailed commercially up until the 1950's. 'Southern Belle' sailed successfully under Finnish ownership from 1889 until 1919 when she was sold to the owners of an Åland shipyard who used her masts, spars, rigging and many fittings in the barque 'Carmen' which was being built. The 'Carmen' sailed until 1934 when she was wrecked in the Baltic Sea. 'Southern Belle' had been built some 63 years before in Church Point, Nova Scotia.
   A summary of the 18 year period from 1871 to 1889 when 'Southern Belle' was under Yarmouth ownership shows that she visited a total of 59 ports (a number of them several times), and made 69 crossings of the Atlantic Ocean. Her known cargoes were: -timber (4)
   -coal (5)
   -sugar (3)
   -grain/corn/wheat (3)
   -salt (2)
   -pipe staves (2)
   -iron ore (2)
   -petroleum (4) and
   -marble (1).


Ship 'Bertie Bigelow' near the Chinese coast.