M u s e u m  C r e a t e d  L e s s o n

L'or documenter: art et de l'industrie

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Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Nova Scotia

L'art comme documentation
1. Examinez les quatre images d’Oldham : l’aquarelle de Nichols, la peinture à l’huile de Purcell, la photographie de 1895 et la carte de Faribault. Elles constituent toutes des vues d’un même endroit. Vous pouvez avoir une discussion en classe ou travailler en petits groupes ou individuellement et répondre à ces questions dans un compte rendu oral ou écrit.
a. Qu’est ce qui est semblable?
b. Qu’est ce qui est différent?
c. Quel message chaque œuvre tente t elle de transmettre selon vous?
d. De quelle façon le font elles?
e. Pensez vous qu’une image donnée est plus véridique qu’une autre?
f. Pensez vous qu’une peinture peut être aussi exacte qu’une photographie?
g. Les photographies peuvent elles être intentionnellement trompeuses?
h. Un média peut il inévitablement livrer un portrait plus vrai qu’un autre?
Oldham Gold District, Whitehead, N.E.
Watercolour landscape showing two miners working a hoist above a mine shaft.
Nichols has chosen to paint idyllic industrial landscapes in a muted, serene palette, minimizing the visual impact of the industry on the land. Little in the images makes the viewer aware of anything other than charming scenes of pastoral beauty or of activity at a safe distance.

Frederick B. Nichols
Watercolour on wove paper
13.6 x 22.5 cm
2011.264

© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Oldham
Painting showing mine structures and tailings pond in the Oldham Gold District.
This is one of the oldest gold districts in the province, with the original discovery in the spring of 1861. The scene depicts a main mill set up at this active gold camp around the turn of the century. Some stamp mills at this productive site were water-powered.

Joseph Purcell




© 2013, Nova Scotia Museum of Industry. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Oldham Gold Mining Company, 1895.
Photograph of the surface plant of Oldham Gold Mining Co.
The surface plant of the Oldham Gold Mining Co.

N.S. Archives and Records Management Library TN B41 1895 part 2.




© 2013, Nova Scotia Archives. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Plan and section, Oldham Gold District
Detail image of Faribault’s plan of the Oldham Gold District
Faribault published 47 map sheets, each covering an area 12 x 16 miles (roughly 19 x 26 km) under his own name and another 13 that he co-authored with Hugh Fletcher, another pioneer geologist. In addition to these larger maps, Faribault completed 34 detailed maps of areas where workable gold veins were encountered, published on large scales – 500 ft to an inch.

E. R. Faribault, Geological Survey of Canada




© 2013, Geological Survey of Canada. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Interprétation de l'image
2. Trouvez un site industriel dans votre région et documentez le de deux façons différentes.
a. Créez d’abord une image (par les moyens de votre choix) dans le style de Nichols, en trouvant une façon de prêter à l’endroit un aspect attrayant ou romantique.
b. Créez ensuite une image (par les moyens de votre choix) dans le style de la photographie de 1895 qui illustre les travaux d’aménagement réels de l’endroit.
c. Finalement, répondez aux questions qui suivent en observant les images que vous produisez. Quelle est la différence dans le message que transmettent les deux images? Quel lien/quelle importance cette différence pourrait elle selon vous avoir dans les images que vous voyez dans les nouvelles.
Looking at Modern-Day Jewellers
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson, Emily Seaboyer
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Excelsior (late Chicago) Mill, Goldenville
Watercolour painting by Frederick Nichols from the 1860s showing one of the stamp mill buildings at Goldenville
The locations where stamp mills were built required careful consideration, including access to a water supply, a solid bedrock foundation for the mortar block of the mill, sufficient space for a tailing dump was needed, and at a level great enough so that the tailings could flow out into the dump by means of gravity rather than by hoisting them out.

Frederick B. Nichols
Watercolour on wove paper
13.8 x 22.9 cm
2011.269

© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Photography in the 1800s
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Stamp mill and tailings, Empress Gold Mining Co., Renfrew
Photograph of a stamp mill and tailings.
Photography became a more useful documentation tool after the invention of photographic film in 1889. Until then, drawings and paintings were the primary way to record an image.

E. R. Faribault, Geological Survey of Canada




© 2013, Geological Survey of Canada. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Documentation aujourd'hui
3. Vous êtes un reporteur dépêché vers une exploitation d’extraction d’or moderne. Répondez aux questions qui suivent en expliquant vos choix.
a. Quel matériel apporteriez vous avec vous?
b. Quels médias ou quelles méthodes utiliseriez vous pour communiquer de l’information atteignant l’auditoire le plus vaste possible, depuis les politiciens aux personnes qui habitent dans la région.
Introduction
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Cartography as Art/Cartography as Field Geology: DesBarres
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Cartography as Art/Cartography as Field Geology: Faribault
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Goldenville in Paint and Poem
John A. MacDonald, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
New Gold-diggings in Nova Scotia : Gold-Street, Tangier
Coloured engraving showing gold miners walking up between a “street” of wooden shaft houses and tents.
A hand-coloured wood engraving published in the "Illustrated London News", September 14, 1861. Based on a drawing by Captain Campbell Hardy.

Captain Campbell Hardy, Unknown
Hand-colour wood engraving on paper
16.3 x 23.3 cm
1995.450

© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia
Tales of Tangier—In Image, In Newspaper, In Song
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Dian Day, Susan Sellers, Rita Wilson
© 2013, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Gold in Nova Scotia

Learning Objectives

1. Explorer, remettre en question, élaborer et exprimer des idées en utilisant des techniques, des langages et des procédés des arts.
(Arts visuels, 7e à 12e année)

2. Faire preuve d’une sensibilisation critique au rôle et à la valeur des arts dans la création et la représentation de la culture.
(Arts visuels, 7e à 12e année)

3. Interpréter, choisir et combiner de l’information au moyen de diverses stratégies, ressources et techniques.
(Arts du langage – anglais, 7e à la 12e année)