M u s e u m  C r e a t e d  L e s s o n

To Mine or Not to Mine, That is the Question

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New Brunswick Museum, Saint John, New Brunswick

Lesson Overview
The geologic history of New Brunswick has shaped our landscapes, communities and economy. The province as we know it was formed over the last billion years forged by moving continents, changing climates and complex geologic processes. Experience a journey through geologic time and discover how the magnificent rocks beneath us influence our lives.
To Mine or Not to Mine, That is the Question
Students will explore the impact of mining on the landscape, people and environment of New Brunswick from various, conflicting perspectives.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Lesson Plan: To Mine or Not to Mine, That is the Question
Students will explore the impact of mining on the landscape, people and environment of New Brunswick from various, conflicting perspectives.
View the Learning Object

Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Armstrong Lime Quarry
Black and white photograph of the Armstrong Quarry shows cords of wood stacked on the wharf
photograph: Armstrong Lime Quarry, c. 1895. This photograph of the Armstrong Quarry shows cords of wood stacked on the wharf. To make quicklime the marble was burned in a kiln to drive off carbon dioxide. Large quantities of wood were required to manufacture quicklime.

Unknown
albumen print, mounted on card
10.8 x 16.4 cm
1961.25a

© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Armstrong Lime Quarry kiln
Colour photograph of scattered rocks and bricks
photograph: Armstrong Lime Quarry kiln, 2008. The remains of the kiln (right) of the Armstrong Quarry.

New Brunswick Museum




© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Cape Spencer Gold
Colour image of gold core sample
Core sample: gold mine, Upper Carboniferous-Permian, Cape Spencer. Gordex Minerals Ltd. opened the Cape Spencer mine near Saint John in 1986.

New Brunswick Museum

Specimen width 10 cm
NBME 1060

© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Charles Thomas Jackson (1805-1880)
Black and white print of man in black suit, beard and glasses
print: Charles Thomas Jackson (1805-1880), c. 1906, George Perkins Merrill, Contributions to the History of American Geology, Plate 11

George Perkins Merrill, Contributions to the History of American Geology, Plate 11




© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Charlotte County Copper Mines
Colour image of rock with copper mineral
Chalcopyrite, Silurian, Letete, Charlotte County, New Brunswick. In the summer of 1863, Loring Bailey visited copper mines in Charlotte County. Bailey described the LeTete operation as one where the ore was raised with oxen and smelted on-site in pots over a bonfire.

New Brunswick Museum

Specimen width 10 cm
NBMM 3066

© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Dorchester Copper Mine, Dorchester, New Brunswick
Colour photograph of inside of abandoned copper mine
photograph: Dorchester Copper Mine, Dorchester, New Brunswick, 2011. Upper Carboniferous, Boss Point Formation, sandstone

Karen Vanderwolf




© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Quarry on Section 10 of the Intercolonial Railway, Newcastle, N.B.
Black and white print of sandstone quarry with men, horses, booms and pulleys
print: Quarry on Section 10 of the Intercolonial Railway, Newcastle, N.B., 1872, wood engraving on wove paper. In the 1800s there was a boom in stone working in New Brunswick at a time when many public buildings, private residences, jails, and churches were built. Near Miramichi, sandstone quarries operated at places like Quarryville and French Fort Cove.

Unknown
wood engraving on wove paper
17.3 x 24.1 cm
W1231

© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Sackville Freestone Company Limited, Sackville, New Brunswick
Black and white photograph of sandstone blocks, cranes, pulleys
photograph: Sackville Freestone Company Limited, Sackville, New Brunswick, 1900-1910. Red sandstone from Sackville was used far and wide in eastern Canada including the legislature building in Ontario. Visitors to Mount Allison University in Sackville can see the extensive use of the stone on the campus.

Unknown
gelatine silver print, mounted on card
15.9 x 20.6 cm
X11478

© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
View of the Atlantic Silica Inc. quarry, Vinegar Hill, New Brunswick
Colour photograph of man walking through sand and gravel pit
photograph: View of the Atlantic Silica Inc. quarry, Vinegar Hill, New Brunswick, 2007. Quartz sand and gravel is quarried by Atlantic Silica Inc. Some uses include quartz pebbles for aquarium gravel, decorative stone, foundry sands, golf course sands, mortar mixes, playground sands, filtration media and quartz sand for blasting sands.

New Brunswick Museum




© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks
Markhamville Manganese Mines
Dr. Randall Miller Research Curator, Geology and Palaeontology New Brunswick Museum
New Brunswick Museum
© 2013, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.
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Learning Object Collection: Magnificent Rocks

Learning Objectives

Curriculum Outcomes:

1. follow up on and extend others’ ideas in order to reflect upon their own interpretation of experiences
2. ask perceptive/probing questions to explore ideas and gain information
3. address complex issues, present points of view backed by evidence, and modify, defend, or argue for their positions in response to opposing points of view
4. listen critically to evaluate others’ ideas in terms of their own understanding and experiences, and identify ambiguities, and unsubstantiated statements
5. effectively adapt language and delivery for a variety of audiences and situations in order to achieve their goals or intents
6. critically evaluate others’ use of language and use this knowledge to reflect on and improve their own uses of language
7. demonstrate sensitivity and respect in interaction with peers and others in both informal and formal situations