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Under the Surface

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Limestone District School Board, Kingston, Ontario

Digging Up The Past: Who Cares What's Under There?
An examination of the commercial development of Kingston through archaeology, and how archaeological investigation brings new information to light.
View the Learning Object

Lesson Overview
World History: The West and the World, grade 12, University Preparation (CHY4U)

Approximate Time Required: 1 period with computer access for research, 1 period for discussion

Students will review the Learning Object Collection, "Digging Up the Past: Who Cares What's Under There?" Using information gleaned from this and other sources, students will choose one of the artifacts from the collection, recovered from Kingston Market Square, and explain why they think it is historically significant. They will then explain why it would be a good addition to a museum collection.
Questions to Get You Started
1. What do you think constitutes "historically significant"? Why?
2. What do you think are some considerations for a curator when choosing objects for display in an exhibit?
3. Why did you choose your particular object?
4. What are the visual characteristics of the artifact chosen?
5. What type of display could it be presented in?
6. Would the characteristics of the display affect the perceived historical significance of the artifact?
7. How does research about the artifact's provenience, the time period that it is from and the location at which it was found, contribute to the understanding of its historical significance?

Suggested Curricular Connections
On-line: http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/curriculum/secondary/canworld1112curr.pdf

Methods of Historical Inquiry and Communication
Interpretation and Analysis
By the end of this course,students will:
- draw conclusions based on supporting evidence, effective analysis of information, and awareness of diverse historical interpretations;
- complete research projects that reflect or contain the elements of a historical inquiry process: preparation, research, thesis, supporting evidence, conclusion based on evidence.

Learning Objectives

To learn about the excavation of Kingston's Market Square and the historical significance of the artifacts found.
To examine why certain artifacts are chosen for museums.
To explore which artifacts are considered historically significant and why.