T e a c h e r  C r e a t e d  L e s s o n

L'influence des connaissances traditionnelles autochtones

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Université d'Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario

Le rôle des plantes dans les cultures traditionnelles autochtones
La grande majorité des autochtones avait une économie traditionnelle basée principalement sur la pêche, la chasse et la récolte de plantes. Ces dernières servaient non seulement comme source de nourriture pour ces populations, mais elles étaient aussi vues comme de la nourriture pour les animaux desquels elles se nourrissaient. Les plantes sont aussi utiles pour plusieurs autres raisons. Par exemple, elles sont utilisées dans la fabrication d’outils de chasse et de pêche. Maintenant, nous examinerons spécifiquement le rôle des plantes chez les Haïdas de la Colombie-Britannique.
All Are Intertwined
Old Massett Village Council
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Learning Object: Haida Forests
Institution: RCIP-CHIN
San Cristoval Range
aerial view
Aerial view of San Cristoval Range; Haida Gwaii.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum.




© Haida Gwaii Museum
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Learning Object: Haida Forests
Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Twisted Tree
Animation
Twisted treed in the Government Creek watershed.

Photo: Rob Wenner




© Rob Wenner
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Learning Object: Haida Forests
Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Government Creek Watershed
Animation
Government Creek watershed.

Photo: Rob Wenner




© Rob Wenner
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Learning Object: Haida Forests
Institution: RCIP-CHIN
The Land is a Part of Our Culture
Old Massett Village Council
© Rob Wenner
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Learning Object: Haida Forests
Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Haida Blockade of Logging
Collage
Haida blockade of logging on Lyell Island, 1986.

Photo: Council of the Haida Nation




© Council of the Haida Nation
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Learning Object: Haida Forests
Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Clear Cut Logging
aerial view
Aerial view of clear cut logging on Lyell Island,1984.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum


A3722

© Haida Gwaii Museum
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Learning Object: Haida Forests
Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Introduction
Old Massett Village Council
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Red Laver Seaweed
Old Massett Village Council
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Dried Red Laver Seaweed
Seaweed
Dried red laver seaweed.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum




© Haida Gwaii Museum
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Berries
Old Massett Village Council
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Cloudberry, Rubus chamemorus
Berry
Cloudberry, Rubus chamemorus.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum




© Haida Gwaii Museum
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Wild Garden
garden
Wild garden at Marble Island; west coast of Haida Gwaii.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum




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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Salmonberry Shoots
Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
River Delta and Tidal Marches
landscape
River delta and tidal marshes; Haida Gwaii.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum




© Haida Gwaii Museum
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Introduction
Old Massett Village Council
© 2000, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Labrador Tea
Tea
Labrador Tea, Ledum groenlandicum.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum.




© Haida Gwaii Museum
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Licorice Fern
Licorice Fern
Licorice Fern, Polypodium glycyrrhiza.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum




© Haida Gwaii Museum
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
About Thirty Species
Old Massett Village Council
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Cedar
Cedar showing ancient test hole in red cedar tree. The centre of the tree was tested and if found rotten, the tree was left standing.

Photo: Larry Thompson




© Larry Thompson
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
The Most Prevalent Plant Used
Old Massett Village Council
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Red Cedar
Tree
Red cedar

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum




© Haida Gwaii Museum
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Stripping Bark
Photo
Florence Davidson stripping bark from red cedar tree, 1976.

Photo: Ulli Steltzer




© Ulli Steltzer
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Other Important Plants
Old Massett Village Council
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Sitka Spruce
Photo of Tree
Sitka spruce.

Photo: Haida Gwaii Museum




© 2000, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Spruce Roots
Photo
Florence Davidson collecting spruce roots, 1976.

Photo: Ulli Steltzer




© Ulli Steltzer
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Creating a Balance
Old Massett Village Council
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Log Barge
Photo
Log barge in Masset Inlet.

Photo: Larry Thompson




© Larry Thompson
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN
Leadership Disscussions
Round table
Round table discussions between Haida leadership and Federal and provincial government officials.

Photo: Vince Collison




© Vince Collison
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Institution: RCIP-CHIN

Learning Objectives

F3.2 - Analyser le rôle des plantes dans les cultures traditionnelles autochtones.