In vitro

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Introduction

The definitions of art and science encompass broad expanses of knowledge stemming from hypotheses, methodologies, experimental protocols and discoveries. They share the territory of the creative process, and the figures of the video artist, historian, photographer, chemist, painter, biologist, activist and ecologist intersect, when they don’t overlap.

Science in Art brings together documentation on works that originally existed in formal art venues and resulted from artists taking a specific position with respect to the world, in an effort to understand it.

Nature is a theme that is very present in art. We need only think of depictions of animals made in prehistoric times, the landscape paintings produced since the Renaissance or, more recently, works of Land Art, to realize how pervasive the subject is. Nature has long been viewed as a model to be imitated, and observations of it have satisfied a desire for knowledge. Representations of nature therefore reflect the general state of knowledge, so much so that the role artists play in familiarizing people with discoveries is comparable to that which philosophers and researchers in the natural sciences have performed from Antiquity to the present day.

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