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Canada’s war at sea was the longest and geographically the largest of Canada’s military efforts during the Second World War. When the war began in September 1939, the Royal Canadian Navy was in the midst of a rebuilding phase. Since its creation in 1910 it had never been a large force and funding cuts introduced during the Great Depression made it even smaller. However, by the late 1930s the navy was expanding under a rebuilding program. When the war broke out the navy numbered about 3,500 officers and sailors manning a handful of warships and several smaller vessels.

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