In the 1860s and 1870s, Montreal industry was using steam more and more to power its machinery. Steel production was one sector where the presence of steam engines and big smokestacks began to transform the urban landscape and pollute the nearby residential neighbourhoods. Here we can clearly see the effects of the Montreal Type Foundry, which made type for printing.

Photographer: William Notman (1826-1891)
McCord Museum of Canadian History - Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
c. 1872
Silver salts on glass - Wet collodion process
20 x 25 cm
© McCord Museum

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