The umiak was the large open skin boat used in earlier times but within the living memory of many elders. A large umiak could hold as many as 20 people, but more often they were not this large.

Typically, umiaks were made of walrus skins lashed over a wooden frame. They were propelled by wooden oars when hunting or in calm weather. On longer trips when conditions were right, umiaks were sailed using a square front sail.

Umiaks were commonly used in hunting large sea mammals, especially whales and walrus. They were also used when traveling in open water to trade or to visit relatives. If the situation arose an umiak could be turned upside-down and used as shelter.
Inuit Tapirisat of Canada

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