1867, July 1: British North America Act: four provinces join to form Canada.

1870 Canada acquires the Northwest Territories.

1871 British Columbia joins Canada on the promise made by Sir John A. Macdonald to link B.C. to the rest of Canada by railroad within 10 years; Sir Sandford Fleming preliminary survey of the railway routes: 7 possible destinations on the Pacific coast.

1876 Prime Minister John A. Macdonald introduces his "National Policy", including a series of tariffs on imported goods and a renewed focus on a national railway.

1880, October 21: Contract for the completion of the Pacific Railway is signed.

1881, February 15: Canadian Pacific Railway is officially incorporated; search for an alternative passage through the Rocky Mountains begins.

1881, May 29: Discovery of the Rogers Pass.

1884 Railway reaches Kicking Horse Pass.

1885 North West Rebellion.

1885, November 7: Last spike at Craigellachie, B.C.; the CPR is officially finished.

1886 CPR builds Field Hotel (later renamed Mount Stephen House) and receives its first guests in the summer.

1886, Summer: First collections from the Trilobite Beds; CPR publishes first tourist pamphlet.

1886, July 4: The first passenger train from Montreal/Toronto arrives in Monroe, B.C.

1886, October 10: Creation of Mount Stephen Dominion Reserve.

1888 Charles Walcott’s first publication on fossils from the area.

1892 Whiteaves publication of Anomalocaris canadensis from the Trilobite Beds.

1897 First excursion by the German-Austrian Alpine Club up the Yoho valley.

1899 June: First arrival of Swiss guides.

1901 Mount Stephen Dominion Reserve is renamed Yoho National Park.

1902 CPR builds two log cabins on the shore of Emerald Lake.

1906, March 27: Creation of the Alpine Club of Canada; first annual camp at Yoho Pass in July.

1907 Walcott visits the Trilobite Beds.

1908 Walcott publishes an account of his discoveries in the Canadian Alpine Journal.

1909 Spiral Tunnels are completed, replacing the Big Hill; Discovery of the Burgess Shale fossils by Walcott


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