Aside from religious infrastructure and the fabric, Acadian communities of yesteryear were not very organized. In a majority of cases, various levels of government were not visibly present in villages and there was no question, except perhaps in Shediac as early as 1903, of a mayor or municipal council before the second half of the 20th century. Hences, indeed, the frequent leadership of the priest of of the local elites in setting up large-scale projects.

Towards the end of the 19th century, and especially around the beginning of the 20th century, several Acadian communities nonetheless built themselves church halls. in many instances, the community centres were mainly built to temporarily fill the need for a church which had been lost by fire. For several months, even several years, mass was celebrated and religious activities held there. later on, when the new temple was finished, the halls would host special events, political reunions and even theatre performances.

Until the beginning of the 20th century, the occasional bridge, the few wharves and the numerous lighthouses found in Acadian regions were often the only significant presence of the provincial and federal governments. In certain cases they were owned by private businesses and were not necessarily accessible by the general public. The post office, as a separate building, was also quite rare in Acadian villages. More often then not, this service was offered on the premises of a buisness, such as a general store or a hotel, or even in a private home.

In face, a special case like the lobster hatchery in Chiasson Office (near Shippagan), a short-lived experiment by the Department of Fisheries, as a "federal building", was rare concrete evidence of the federal government’s presence in an Acadian community,
Village Historique Acadien

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