Psychology Teaching Instruments

James Mark Baldwin (1861-1934), who was a proponent of the new teaching and research methods emanating from Germany in the latter half of the nineteenth century, established the first psychological laboratory in the British Commonwealth in 1892.

Previously, psychology had been closely tied to what was termed "armchair philosophy." Against pressure to maintain the classical teaching methods, Baldwin introduced a vigorous laboratory component to his teaching. Students could now experience laboratory research. The first laboratory was located on the second floor of University College, Toronto.

The Hipp chronoscope was the central timing device in Baldwin’s first teaching laboratory. It was used to measure reaction times of subjects under varying conditions. The chronoscope was a finicky instrument, requiring constant tinkering to function properly. With an experienced operator, however, the uniform clockwork offered unparalleled precision.
Canadian Heritage Information Network
Canadian Heritage Information Network, Canada Museum of Science and Technology, Musée de la civilisation, Stewart Museum, Canadian Medical Hall of Fame, Museum of Health Care at Kingston, University Health Network Artifact Collection, University of Toronto Museum of Scientific Instruments, University of Toronto Museum Studies Program, Suzanne Board, Dr. Randall C. Brooks, Sylvie Toupin, Ana-Laura Baz, Jean-François Gauvin, Betsy Little, Paola Poletto, Dr. James Low, David Kasserra, Kathryn Rumbold, David Pantalony, Dr. Thierry Ruddel, Kim Svendsen

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