The typical Japanese interior would have been considered very austere by the standards of Westerners arriving in Japan at the end of the nineteenth century. Rooms were simply decorated, usually with little furniture or decorative objects. Personal belongings were kept on shelves and in chests. The floors were covered with tatami, the matted flooring made in sections measuring six feet by three feet. These mats were laid on the wooden floor, which was usually raised about a foot from the ground to allow the dust of the dry summers to settle below, and to prevent the dampness of the rainy season from rising up. Walls were usually kept free of prints or paintings, with the possible exception of a hanging screen. Rooms were separated by sliding screen doors, of which there are two kinds, the shoji, a sliding door made of translucent rice paper, and the fusama, a wooden framed door heavily covered with opaque paper.
Vancouver Museum, Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts,

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