Prior to the Meiji period, Japan, like most countries, relied on candles and oil-lamps for lighting. Lanterns hanging outside the shops beckoned customers, and flaring torches, lanterns, and sometimes even bonfires illuminated processions and other festivities held after dark. The gas lamps that began to light up the streets of Tokyo in 1874 became the pride of Tokyo citizens, who saw them as emblematic of Japan’s progress. Electric light was first introduced to Japan by the Tokyo Electric Light Company in 1882, and it gradually replaced the popular gas lamp on Tokyo streets.
Vancouver Museum, Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts,

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