Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky

Born in Feodosia, Crimea in 1817. Died in the same city in 1900. Aivazovsky is a renowned Russian artist—a painter of seascapes and author of about six thousand paintings done by memory. “The movement of natural elements cannot be captured by the brush: to paint lightning, a gust of wind, or the splash of a wave from nature is inconceivable,” wrote the artist. The sea in his paintings appears many-sided—now as an unbridled natural element dealing a blow to man, now as a beckoning expanse symbolizing a romantic dream. Aivazovsky studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg (1833–1839) and was an artist of the Central Naval Headquarters. He was an honorary member of the Amsterdam, Roman and Paris (1845), Florentine (1876), and Stuttgart (1878) academies. He was the holder of the Legion of Honor and a number of other foreign decorations. He traveled extensively throughout Europe, visited Turkey, Egypt and America (1892–1893) and lived in Italy for many years.


Neapolitan Bay in Early Morning - 1897, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
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