A resident of Upper Canada writing to prospective immigrants in 1832, advised bringing "2 pairs of very strong shoes, high enough to protect the ankle" since he claimed that "boots and shoes are bad and dear in Canada".

Footwear for Outdoors

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, most men required strong, durable footwear to protect their feet against injury, cold, and dampness. Most work shoes and boots were worn until they fell apart; few have survived.

Many Canadian women required strong, practical shoes to work outside on the farm. Some bought tough, simple European-style shoes from a shoemaker - shoes not appropriate for social situations, but that served well enough to wear while feeding the livestock. Some women adopted moccasins as a practical and convenient form of footwear, and likely purchased them from local First Nations women.
A resident of Upper Canada writing to prospective immigrants in 1832, advised bringing "2 pairs of very strong shoes, high enough to protect the ankle" since he claimed that "boots and shoes are bad and dear in Canada".

Footwear for Outdoors

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, most men required strong, durable footwear to protect their feet against injury, cold, and dampness. Most work shoes and boots were worn until they fell apart; few have survived.

Many Canadian women required strong, practical shoes to work outside on the farm. Some bought tough, simple European-style shoes from a shoemaker - shoes not appropriate for social situations, but that served well enough to wear while feeding the livestock. Some women adopted moccasins as a practical and convenient form of footwear, and likely purchased them from local First Nations women.

© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Butting square timber, Québec City, Québec, 1872

Butting square timber, Québec City, Québec, 1872

McCord Museum
1872
© Musée McCord Museum I-76312.


Process of clearing the town plot

Process of clearing the town plot

Toronto Public Library

© J.Ross Robinson Collection. Toronto Public Librairy (TRL). T15861.


Clogs

Clogs

The Bata Shoe Museum

Wood
S85.120
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Eeling Boots

Eeling Boots

The Bata Shoe Museum
1870 - 1880
Leather
P88.25
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


In the growing towns and cities of Canada, people needed shoes and boots that were respectable enough for everyday wear, yet sufficiently practical to deal with muddy streets.

For Men
Boots were a popular form of fashion. They provided some protection against the weather and were suitable for riding; yet they were also appropriate indoors in an office or informal social setting. These simple boots were worn under trousers, which prevented most of the boot from being seen.

For Women
Both city and rural women needed a respectable shoe for visiting and shopping. American manufacturers produced a variety of shoes suitable for both walking and socialising, including the low heel-less side-laced boots called ‘Adelaides’. A number of them were imported into Canada to meet the need for practical but attractive footwear.
In the growing towns and cities of Canada, people needed shoes and boots that were respectable enough for everyday wear, yet sufficiently practical to deal with muddy streets.

For Men
Boots were a popular form of fashion. They provided some protection against the weather and were suitable for riding; yet they were also appropriate indoors in an office or informal social setting. These simple boots were worn under trousers, which prevented most of the boot from being seen.

For Women
Both city and rural women needed a respectable shoe for visiting and shopping. American manufacturers produced a variety of shoes suitable for both walking and socialising, including the low heel-less side-laced boots called ‘Adelaides’. A number of them were imported into Canada to meet the need for practical but attractive footwear.

© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Portrait of Man and Woman

Portrait of Man and Woman

Courtesy of Shirley Hartt

© Courtesy of Shirley Hartt


Man's Boots

Man's Boots

The Bata Shoe Museum
1880 - 1890
Leather
S96.107
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Pump Shoes

Pump Shoes

The Bata Shoe Museum
1846
Leather and kid
P90.220
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Woman's Adelaide Boots

Woman's Adelaide Boots

The Bata Shoe Museum
1862 - 1867
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Women's Boots

Women's Boots

The Bata Shoe Museum

Worsted wool and patent leather
P84.304
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Woman's boots

Woman's boots

The Bata Shoe Museum
1850 - 1859
Wool and cotton
P88.32
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Learning Objectives

The learner will :
  • Explain how the environment influenced population (Aboriginal, French and Engilsh) in their culture, lifestyle and economy;
  • Identify the effects that resulted from interaction between Aboriginal peoples and colonizers;
  • Summarize the evolution of the shoes in Canada and involve significant changes to Canada’s development;
  • Analyze the development of Canada through the evolution of shoes.

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