Even women in isolated areas would have had several pairs of shoes to wear in different circumstances. Moccasins were informal and practical. Plain, respectable leather and fabric shoes served for most other purposes such as visiting the town or receiving neighbours. Fancy silk dress shoes would have been chosen when attending a party or a social occasion.

Which shoes do you think she should be wearing with this dress?
Even women in isolated areas would have had several pairs of shoes to wear in different circumstances. Moccasins were informal and practical. Plain, respectable leather and fabric shoes served for most other purposes such as visiting the town or receiving neighbours. Fancy silk dress shoes would have been chosen when attending a party or a social occasion.

Which shoes do you think she should be wearing with this dress?

© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Carraige dress, December 1830

Carraige dress, December 1830

G.B. Whittaker

© Printed in La Belle Assemblée.


Woman's pumps

Fancy silk dress shoes would have been chosen when attending a party or a social occasion.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1850 - 1860
Leather, kid and silk
P92.79
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Great Lakes moccasins

Great Lakes moccasins

The Bata Shoe Museum
1830 - 1856
Dear skin and porcupine quills
P95.90
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Woman's Lace-ups

Woman's Lace-ups

The Bata Shoe Museum
1825 - 1840
Wool and leather
S85.153
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Footwear for Dress Occasions

Men could wear two very different types of footwear - a military-style boot, made of fine leather, or a low, soft dress shoe suitable primarily for indoor wear. If circumstances required the wearer to cross a muddy street, he might resort to pattens, strap-on wood and iron lifts to raise his fancy footwear out of the muck.

From the turn of the nineteenth century until well past the middle years, women wore light, decorative flat shoes. Made of the softest leather or the most fashionable fabrics, they proclaimed the wealth and status of the woman. Over the years, toes changed from pointed, to oval, to square, and then to rounded-square, but the basic shape of the shoe remained the same.

At the Ball

In the larger towns and cities, people gathered to enjoy themselves at balls. While dancing the newest waltzes and reels, men and women showed off their most fashionable clothes and their finest shoes.

Why are these shoes such fine examples of the shoemaker’s craft?

Both pairs show attention to detail and use Read More
Footwear for Dress Occasions

Men could wear two very different types of footwear - a military-style boot, made of fine leather, or a low, soft dress shoe suitable primarily for indoor wear. If circumstances required the wearer to cross a muddy street, he might resort to pattens, strap-on wood and iron lifts to raise his fancy footwear out of the muck.

From the turn of the nineteenth century until well past the middle years, women wore light, decorative flat shoes. Made of the softest leather or the most fashionable fabrics, they proclaimed the wealth and status of the woman. Over the years, toes changed from pointed, to oval, to square, and then to rounded-square, but the basic shape of the shoe remained the same.

At the Ball

In the larger towns and cities, people gathered to enjoy themselves at balls. While dancing the newest waltzes and reels, men and women showed off their most fashionable clothes and their finest shoes.

Why are these shoes such fine examples of the shoemaker’s craft?

Both pairs show attention to detail and use of the best materials.

Man's pair of black leather pump shoes:
  • trimmed with black ribbon binding
  • lined with fine materials such as ivory moiré silk.
  • soles have a tooled decorative edge
England, 1840 - 1850

Woman's pair of green silk shoes:
  • fashionable square toe
  • matching green silk laces and rosettes
  • kid lining and sock
A stamp on the insole indicates that the maker, seller, and importer was Melnotte suggesting that these shoes were probably made in France and sold in London.
France or England, 1835 - 1840

© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Dance in the Chateau St. Louis, Québec, Lower Canada

Dance in the Chateau St. Louis, Québec, Lower Canada

By George Heriot
1801
© LAC/C-000040.


Pull-on Boots

A military-style boot, made of fine leather.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1845 - 1865
Leather
P83.181
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Boot Jack

Boot Jack

The Bata Shoe Museum

Wood
S79.156
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Boot Scraper

Boot Scraper

The Bata Shoe Museum
1870
Iron
S79.278
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Man's Pumps

A low, soft dress shoe suitable primarily for indoor wear.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1825 - 1835
Leather and kid
P93.89
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Pattens (overshoes)

If circumstances required the wearer to cross a muddy street, he might resort to pattens, strap-on wood and iron lifts to raise his fancy footwear out of the muck.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1885
Wood, iron and leather
P79.808
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Woman's Shoes and Spats

Women wore light, decorative flat shoes. Made of the softest leather or the most fashionable fabrics, they proclaimed the wealth and status of the woman.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1800 - 1830
Leather and Cotton
S83.120 and P83.153
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Woman's pumps

Women wore light, decorative flat shoes. Made of the softest leather or the most fashionable fabrics, they proclaimed the wealth and status of the woman.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1815 - 1825
Wool, leather and silk
P93.98
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Women's Shoes

Women wore light, decorative flat shoes. Made of the softest leather or the most fashionable fabrics, they proclaimed the wealth and status of the woman.

By Pratt, Rochester, New York
1870
Silk and leather
S85.142
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Party Scene

Party Scene

Canadian Illustrated News, vol.2 (Hamilton), June 6, 1863
1863-06-06
© Toronto Public Library (TRL).


Men's Pump Shoes

Man's pair of black leather pump shoes:
• trimmed with black ribbon binding
• lined with fine materials such as ivory moiré silk
• soles have a tooled decorative edge

The Bata Shoe Museum
1840 - 1850
Leather
P87.54
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Woman's Shoe

Woman's Shoe

The Bata Shoe Museum
1835 - 1840
Silk and kid
P83.28
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Learning Objectives

The learner will :
  • Explain how the environment influenced population (Aboriginal, French and Engilsh) in their culture, lifestyle and economy;
  • Identify the effects that resulted from interaction between Aboriginal peoples and colonizers;
  • Summarize the evolution of the shoes in Canada and involve significant changes to Canada’s development;
  • Analyze the development of Canada through the evolution of shoes.

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