An important part of Canada’s naval participation in convoy escorts took place in the frigid waters of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. Military and industrial supplies were sent to the Soviet Union throughout the war by sea on a route between North America and the Soviet city of Murmansk. Numerous Canadian warships took part in the Arctic convoy runs, including HMCS Algonquin pictured here.

Warships sailing in this extremely cold part of the world carried the usual types of emergency equipment, such as life preservers and rubber life rafts, as well as waterproof charts showing ocean currents and a map of the North Atlantic.

In 1985, the medals pictured here were given to Canadians who served in the Arctic Ocean convoys to the Soviet Union during the Second World War. These included sailors from the Royal Canadian Navy and the Merchant Navy. Two of the Canadians decorated were Robert Bertrand and Roland Dion, both veterans of the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve.
An important part of Canada’s naval participation in convoy escorts took place in the frigid waters of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. Military and industrial supplies were sent to the Soviet Union throughout the war by sea on a route between North America and the Soviet city of Murmansk. Numerous Canadian warships took part in the Arctic convoy runs, including HMCS Algonquin pictured here.

Warships sailing in this extremely cold part of the world carried the usual types of emergency equipment, such as life preservers and rubber life rafts, as well as waterproof charts showing ocean currents and a map of the North Atlantic.

In 1985, the medals pictured here were given to Canadians who served in the Arctic Ocean convoys to the Soviet Union during the Second World War. These included sailors from the Royal Canadian Navy and the Merchant Navy. Two of the Canadians decorated were Robert Bertrand and Roland Dion, both veterans of the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve.

© 2008, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

HMCS Algonquin in port

HMCS Algonquin in port. (19900288-005)

Canadian War Museum.

© Canadian War Museum


Waterproof chart

Waterproof chart that was part of a survival kit. (19820168-010)

Canadian War Museum

19820168-010
© Canadian War Museum


Life Preserver

Life Preserver

Canadian War Museum.

19730289-001
© Canadian War Museum


Rubber life raft

Rubber life raft

Canadian War Museum

19610046-004
© Cabadian War Museum


Medalas

These medals were given in 1985 to those who served in the Arctic Ocean convoys to Russia during World War II

Left: Collection Robert Bertrand, RCNVR, Right: Collection Roland Dion, RCNVR

© Left: Collection Robert Bertrand, RCNVR, Right: Collection Roland Dion, RCNVR


Learning Objectives

  • Develop an understanding of the participation and role of Canada’s Navy in the World War II.
  • Examine the contributions, sacrifices and experiences of individuals who participated in naval events during World War II.
  • Identify the locations in which Canada’s Navy operated during World War II.
  • Evaluate the weapons and technology involved in the war at sea.

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