Box

Box consisting of three components

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)
c. 1864
wood; birchbark; moose hair; wool; cloth; cotton
Width: 7.5cm, Length: 12.5cm
83-02241-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Trade

DESCRIPTION: Item consisting of three components: the first is a folded-over piece of birchbark, with upper portion lined with natural hair held with black thread; this is set inside a slightly larger piece of similar shape, made of birchbark covered in red embroidered wool. There is a fitted wool-covered birchbark cover, decorated with natural and dyed hairs held by black thread. Inscription on item.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Niagara

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END OF PRODUCTION: 1864

PERIOD: 19th century

MATERIAL: wood; birchbark; moose hair; wool; cloth; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; dyed; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; leaf; flower; stem
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Trade

DESCRIPTION: Item consisting of three components: the first is a folded-over piece of birchbark, with upper portion lined with natural hair held with black thread; this is set inside a slightly larger piece of similar shape, made of birchbark covered in red embroidered wool. There is a fitted wool-covered birchbark cover, decorated with natural and dyed hairs held by black thread. Inscription on item.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Niagara

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END OF PRODUCTION: 1864

PERIOD: 19th century

MATERIAL: wood; birchbark; moose hair; wool; cloth; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; dyed; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; leaf; flower; stem

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Leggings

Pair of red woollen leggings.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

metal; tin; cloth; rawhide; glass bead; wool; felt
Height: 67cm, Width: 26cm, Length: 0cm
59-00069-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


Man’s (as shown in image)

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Celebration

DESCRIPTION: Pair of red woollen leggings. Each has a black band decorated with beads forming floral motifs, as well as small tin disks attached with beads. Knees and edges outlined in green felt, above which a metal ribbon stretches across the bottom. Rawhide closure at upper back.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Wendake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: metal; tin; cloth; rawhide; glass bead; wool; felt

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem


Woman’s (not shown)

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Celebration

DESCRIPTION: Pair red felted wool leggings. Each has a 17-cm silk ribbon on the side seam, embroidered with white and green beads. Lower portion decorated with wide ribbon in oxblood, blue, yellow and green forming sawtooth pattern. Three thin overlapping strips forming upper bord Read More
Man’s (as shown in image)

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Celebration

DESCRIPTION: Pair of red woollen leggings. Each has a black band decorated with beads forming floral motifs, as well as small tin disks attached with beads. Knees and edges outlined in green felt, above which a metal ribbon stretches across the bottom. Rawhide closure at upper back.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Wendake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: metal; tin; cloth; rawhide; glass bead; wool; felt

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem


Woman’s (not shown)

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Celebration

DESCRIPTION: Pair red felted wool leggings. Each has a 17-cm silk ribbon on the side seam, embroidered with white and green beads. Lower portion decorated with wide ribbon in oxblood, blue, yellow and green forming sawtooth pattern. Three thin overlapping strips forming upper border. Leggings are a match for skirt bearing accession number 59-60.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Wendake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: cloth; glass bead; wool; silk

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; sawtooth

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Headband

Long leather band, lined with cotton, rectilinear on one side, three-lobed on the other.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

leather; cotton; glass beads; cloth
Width: 8cm, Length: 51cm
68-03205-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Celebration; ceremonial

DESCRIPTION: Long leather band, lined with cotton, rectilinear on one side, three-lobed on the other. Decorated with moose hair embroidery in centre and beadwork along edges.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1920 C

MATERIAL: leather; cotton; glass beads; cloth.

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; leaf; flower; stem; fruit; geometric; curved line
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Celebration; ceremonial

DESCRIPTION: Long leather band, lined with cotton, rectilinear on one side, three-lobed on the other. Decorated with moose hair embroidery in centre and beadwork along edges.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1920 C

MATERIAL: leather; cotton; glass beads; cloth.

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; leaf; flower; stem; fruit; geometric; curved line

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Flat basket

Open basket, rectangular at bottom and around top.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

Birchbark; moose hair; cloth; cotton; pigment; dye
Width: 19.5cm, Length: 22.5cm
68-03442-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Decorative

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Traditional; trade; everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Open basket, rectangular at bottom and around top. Bulging sides. Decorated with dyed embroidered moose hairs over entire inside surface. White border. Sewn in black thread.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1830 C

MATERIAL: Birchbark; moose hair; cloth; cotton; pigment; dye

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: Traditional; cut; sewn; dyed; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; fruit; stem
TYPE OF OBJECT: Decorative

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Traditional; trade; everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Open basket, rectangular at bottom and around top. Bulging sides. Decorated with dyed embroidered moose hairs over entire inside surface. White border. Sewn in black thread.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1830 C

MATERIAL: Birchbark; moose hair; cloth; cotton; pigment; dye

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: Traditional; cut; sewn; dyed; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; fruit; stem

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Knife Holster

Knife-shaped moosehide sheath.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)
c. 1870
animal; moose fur; moose hide; cloth; wool; moose hair; glass bead
Width: 7.7cm, Length: 33.2cm
84-01108-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Knife

CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; everyday use; ceremonial

DESCRIPTION: knife-shaped moosehide sheath. Upper section has black wool border with embroidered moose hair. Opening and one side lined with irregular wool ornamentation. Moose hair tassels attached with metal cone, and a small string of beads, around the black wool ornamentation and one side of the sheath. Rawhide thong at opening.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1870 C

MATERIAL: animal; moose fur; moose hide; cloth; wool; moose hair; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded; dyed; embroidered

MOTIFS: geometric; lozenge; dot; plant; flower
TYPE OF OBJECT: Knife

CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; everyday use; ceremonial

DESCRIPTION: knife-shaped moosehide sheath. Upper section has black wool border with embroidered moose hair. Opening and one side lined with irregular wool ornamentation. Moose hair tassels attached with metal cone, and a small string of beads, around the black wool ornamentation and one side of the sheath. Rawhide thong at opening.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Huron-Wendat

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1870 C

MATERIAL: animal; moose fur; moose hide; cloth; wool; moose hair; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded; dyed; embroidered

MOTIFS: geometric; lozenge; dot; plant; flower

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Identify some traditional and exchange materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Northeast Peoples
  • Identify some objects made by Canadian Northeast Peoples using a combination of traditional and exchange materials and their uses
  • Describe how exchange materials have influenced the objects made by Canadian Northeast Peoples

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