Rattle

Black leather band with deer toes sewn on it.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)
c. 1890
animal; leather; deer hoof
Width: 2.7cm, Length: 13.5cm
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Ceremonial; celebration; ritual

DESCRIPTION: Blackened and worn leather band on which are sewn, with leather lacing, 18 deer toes in three rows along the length, two toes per lace.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1890 C

MATERIAL: animal; leather; deer hoof

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; hewn; sewn
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Ceremonial; celebration; ritual

DESCRIPTION: Blackened and worn leather band on which are sewn, with leather lacing, 18 deer toes in three rows along the length, two toes per lace.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1890 C

MATERIAL: animal; leather; deer hoof

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; hewn; sewn

©1996 - the Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto). All Rights Reserved.

Baby Carrier

Miniature wooden baby carrier consisting of trapeze-shaped main body with indentations at top.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; babiche; metal; iron; pigment; painted
Height: 44.5cm, Width: 16cm, Length: 0cm
68-03108-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Baby carrier

CULTURAL CONTEXT: toy; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Miniature wooden baby carrier consisting of trapeze-shaped main body, with indentations at top, a footrest held by two screws and nails, a protective ring held by four babiche straps, connected to a support by two screws. Decorative painted bas-relief motifs on front outside surface.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Kahnawake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois; Mohawk

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1890 C

MATERIAL: wood; babiche; metal; iron; pigment; painted

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; carved; assembled; nailed; screwed; painted

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; animal; bird
TYPE OF OBJECT: Baby carrier

CULTURAL CONTEXT: toy; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Miniature wooden baby carrier consisting of trapeze-shaped main body, with indentations at top, a footrest held by two screws and nails, a protective ring held by four babiche straps, connected to a support by two screws. Decorative painted bas-relief motifs on front outside surface.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Kahnawake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois; Mohawk

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1890 C

MATERIAL: wood; babiche; metal; iron; pigment; painted

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; carved; assembled; nailed; screwed; painted

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; animal; bird

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Headband

Wide red wool band bordered with silk ribbons and glass beadwork.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

cloth; wool; silk; cotton; metal; brass; glass bead
Width: 27cm, Length: 67cm
68-03379-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Wide red wool band bordered with silk ribbons and glass beadwork. Covered on one side with three wide parallel red blue and green silk ribbons, extending beyond edges a distance equal to the woollen band. Brass buttons sewn with thread to headband surface, forming geometric patterns.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1830 C

MATERIAL: cloth; wool; silk; cotton; metal; brass; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; scallop; line; triangle; zigza
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Wide red wool band bordered with silk ribbons and glass beadwork. Covered on one side with three wide parallel red blue and green silk ribbons, extending beyond edges a distance equal to the woollen band. Brass buttons sewn with thread to headband surface, forming geometric patterns.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1830 C

MATERIAL: cloth; wool; silk; cotton; metal; brass; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; scallop; line; triangle; zigza

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Baby Carrier and Doll

Miniature wooden baby carrier consisting of a main board shaped like a sling and a doll stuffed with cloth and fabric.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

Paint; wood; leather; metal; pigment
Height: 44cm, Width: 13cm,
68-03474-001 & 68-03474-002
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


Baby Carrier

TYPE OF OBJECT: Back carrier

CULTURAL CONTEXT: toy; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Wooden baby carrier consisting of a trapeze-shaped platform with indentations in upper portion, a footrest held by two screws at 6.5 cm, and a protective ring held in place by four babiche thongs. Perforations on sides of main body for babiche thongs. Middle support flat in middle, round at extremities. Decorative patterns on outside of main body and on footrest, in painted bas-relief.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Kahnawake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois; Mohawk

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1860 C

MATERIAL: Paint; wood; leather; metal; pigment

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; painted; screwed

MOTIF: plant; leaf; flower; fruit; animal; bird; geometric; curve; linen

Doll
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Toy; hand made

DESCRIPTION: Doll stuffed with cloth and fabric. Hair made from black wool. Headband made of Read More
Baby Carrier

TYPE OF OBJECT: Back carrier

CULTURAL CONTEXT: toy; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Wooden baby carrier consisting of a trapeze-shaped platform with indentations in upper portion, a footrest held by two screws at 6.5 cm, and a protective ring held in place by four babiche thongs. Perforations on sides of main body for babiche thongs. Middle support flat in middle, round at extremities. Decorative patterns on outside of main body and on footrest, in painted bas-relief.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Kahnawake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois; Mohawk

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1860 C

MATERIAL: Paint; wood; leather; metal; pigment

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; painted; screwed

MOTIF: plant; leaf; flower; fruit; animal; bird; geometric; curve; linen

Doll
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Toy; hand made

DESCRIPTION: Doll stuffed with cloth and fabric. Hair made from black wool. Headband made of white leather, embroidered with light green pearls. Facial traits embroidered with cotton and wool threads. Long dress made of pink fabric. Moccasins made of white leather and embroidered with pearls. Doll laid out on a mattress, surrounded by a piece of green wool and tied to the baby carrier with a thread of red wool, with a narrow border of light blue silk.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; woodlands; Kahnawake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquois

CULTURE: Iroquois; Mohawk

PROVINCE: Quebec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1860

MATERIAL: Textile; Wool; Cotton; Silk; Glass pearl

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: Hand made; Cut out; Sewn; Embroidered; Pearled

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Tomahawk

Short wide sharp blade, set in handle with leather lacing.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

metal; brass; glass; glass bead; wood; animal; skin; feather; human hair
88-03162-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: war

DESCRIPTION: Short wide sharp blade, set in handle with leather lacing. Tip of handle slightly bent. Handle and bedding 3/4 covered in tanned skin held in place by brass pins. Extremity of handle is perforated, with rawhide lanyard pulled through and knotted, with beads. Spray of feathers and brass bells at tip of skin covering on handle. Tip of piece decorated with skin tab, brass bells and a braided scalp.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Kahnawake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1750 C

MATERIAL: metal; brass; glass; glass bead; wood; animal; skin; feather; human hair

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; cut; assembled; nailed; braided
CULTURAL CONTEXT: war

DESCRIPTION: Short wide sharp blade, set in handle with leather lacing. Tip of handle slightly bent. Handle and bedding 3/4 covered in tanned skin held in place by brass pins. Extremity of handle is perforated, with rawhide lanyard pulled through and knotted, with beads. Spray of feathers and brass bells at tip of skin covering on handle. Tip of piece decorated with skin tab, brass bells and a braided scalp.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Kahnawake

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1750 C

MATERIAL: metal; brass; glass; glass bead; wood; animal; skin; feather; human hair

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; cut; assembled; nailed; braided

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:

  • Identify some traditional and exchange materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Northeast Peoples
  • Identify some objects made by Canadian Northeast Peoples using a combination of traditional and exchange materials and their uses
  • Describe how exchange materials have influenced the objects made by Canadian Northeast Peoples

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