Moccasin-makers adopted European designs and materials for decoration. In the second half of the 19th century, fur traders brought embroidery thread, needles, and scissors to the north. Mission schools run by Ursuline Sisters, Grey Nuns and Anglicans played an important role in introducing European needlework techniques and motifs to the Athapaskans.

"My mother started me on sewing. As I was left-handed she had a hard time teaching me. She started me on silk embroidery, later on we learned bead work on our own."
Violet Rowenna McLeod

Look closely at each of these five pairs of moccasins to see how European floral designs or European materials - trade beads, stroud cloth, and thread embroidery - have been used.
Moccasin-makers adopted European designs and materials for decoration. In the second half of the 19th century, fur traders brought embroidery thread, needles, and scissors to the north. Mission schools run by Ursuline Sisters, Grey Nuns and Anglicans played an important role in introducing European needlework techniques and motifs to the Athapaskans.

"My mother started me on sewing. As I was left-handed she had a hard time teaching me. She started me on silk embroidery, later on we learned bead work on our own."
Violet Rowenna McLeod

Look closely at each of these five pairs of moccasins to see how European floral designs or European materials - trade beads, stroud cloth, and thread embroidery - have been used.

© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Chippewa mode of Traveling in Spring and Summer

Chippewa mode of Traveling in Spring and Summer

By Peter Rindisbacher
c. 1825
© West Point Museum Art Collection, United States Military Academy.


Ojibwe Moccasins

The Ojibwe moccasins have:

• floral designs
• blue silk ribbon
• beadwork
• red velvet

The Bata Shoe Museum
1890
Skin and textile
P79.602
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Malecite Moccasins

The Malecite moccasins have:

• floral designs
• beadwork
• red trade-cloth cuff and extended collar
• beige fabric lining

The Bata Shoe Museum
1880 - 1890
Native tanned and smoked deerskin
P83.95
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Cree Moccasins

The Cree moccasins have:

• Norway House embroidery
• floral motif

The Bata Shoe Museum
1880 - 1900
Native tanned and smoked moose hide and native tanned caribou skin
P80.1271
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Huron Moccasins

The Huron moccasins have:

• red silk ribbon binding and ties
• abstract floral designs
• moosehair embroidery

The Bata Shoe Museum
1820 - 1840
Black dyed buckskin moccasins
P81.317
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Woodland Moccasins

The Iroquois moccasins have:

• beadwork on collars
• floral decoration
• fabric lining and velvet trim

The Bata Shoe Museum
1879 - 1900
Native tanned and smoked skin
P.86-166
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Learning Objectives

The learner will :
  • Explain how the environment influenced population (Aboriginal, French and Engilsh) in their culture, lifestyle and economy;
  • Identify the effects that resulted from interaction between Aboriginal peoples and colonizers;
  • Summarize the evolution of the shoes in Canada and involve significant changes to Canada’s development;
  • Analyze the development of Canada through the evolution of shoes.

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