Leggings

Pair of nearly rectangular buckskin leggings.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; buckskin; cloth; wool; cotton thread; glass bead
Height: 72cm, Width: 27cm
68-02666-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Man’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Pair of nearly rectangular buckskin leggings. Bottom lined with red wool and decorated with white, pink and blue beadwork up to 33 cm. Red woollen band at openings. Buckskin fringe along entire length of each side.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Plains Cree

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Manitoba

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: animal; buckskin; cloth; wool; cotton thread; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; triangle; lozenge; cross; zigzag; rectangle; line
TYPE OF OBJECT: Man’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Pair of nearly rectangular buckskin leggings. Bottom lined with red wool and decorated with white, pink and blue beadwork up to 33 cm. Red woollen band at openings. Buckskin fringe along entire length of each side.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Plains Cree

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Manitoba

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: animal; buckskin; cloth; wool; cotton thread; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; triangle; lozenge; cross; zigzag; rectangle; line

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Tunic

A skin tunic, open at side, pointed at bottom.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)
c. 1870
animal; skin; feather; shock of hair; cloth; wool; glass bead
Height: 96cm, Width: 142cm
68-03175-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: war

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; war

DESCRIPTION: skin tunic, open at side, pointed at bottom. Round neck opening trimmed with narrow band of red wool. Fringe on chest, sleeves, sides and bottom. Sleeves and chest have sprays of black hairs and red-dyed feathers. Decorative glass beadwork on shoulders, sleeves, chest and back.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Plains Cree

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Manitoba

END OF PRODUCTION: 1870 C

MATERIAL: animal; skin; feather; shock of hair; cloth; wool; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded; dyed

MOTIFS: geometric
TYPE OF OBJECT: war

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; war

DESCRIPTION: skin tunic, open at side, pointed at bottom. Round neck opening trimmed with narrow band of red wool. Fringe on chest, sleeves, sides and bottom. Sleeves and chest have sprays of black hairs and red-dyed feathers. Decorative glass beadwork on shoulders, sleeves, chest and back.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Plains Cree

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Manitoba

END OF PRODUCTION: 1870 C

MATERIAL: animal; skin; feather; shock of hair; cloth; wool; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded; dyed

MOTIFS: geometric

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Gloves

Pair of smoked moosehide gloves with wide fringed cuffs, lined in cotton.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; moose hide; cloth; wool; cotton; silk
Width: 26cm, Length: 36cm
68-03198-00
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Pair of smoked moosehide gloves with wide fringed cuffs, lined in cotton. Red wool band sewn along cuffs and middle panel. Embroidered thread on back.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian; Michif

CULTURE: Cree; Métis

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Northern Manitoba

END OF PRODUCTION: 1860 C

MATERIAL: animal; moose hide; cloth; wool; cotton; silk

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem; geometric; zigzag
CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Pair of smoked moosehide gloves with wide fringed cuffs, lined in cotton. Red wool band sewn along cuffs and middle panel. Embroidered thread on back.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian; Michif

CULTURE: Cree; Métis

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Northern Manitoba

END OF PRODUCTION: 1860 C

MATERIAL: animal; moose hide; cloth; wool; cotton; silk

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem; geometric; zigzag

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Epaulet

Bands of hide (moose?) covered on side with geometric patterns in dyed porcupine quills.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; moose hide?; porcupine quill; pigment; dye
Width: 4cm, Length: 21.5cm
69-00302-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Decorative

DESCRIPTION: Bands of hide (moose?) covered on side with geometric patterns in dyed porcupine quills. On side and the ends are trimmed with short skin fringe with quills, to 3 cm from tip.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Prairies; Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Cri

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Manitoba; Saskatchewan

END OF PRODUCTION: 1830 C

MATERIAL: animal; moose hide?; porcupine quill; pigment; dye

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; dyed; embroidered

MOTIFS: geometric; rectangle; triangle; line; broken line
TYPE OF OBJECT: Decorative

DESCRIPTION: Bands of hide (moose?) covered on side with geometric patterns in dyed porcupine quills. On side and the ends are trimmed with short skin fringe with quills, to 3 cm from tip.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Prairies; Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Cri

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Manitoba; Saskatchewan

END OF PRODUCTION: 1830 C

MATERIAL: animal; moose hide?; porcupine quill; pigment; dye

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; dyed; embroidered

MOTIFS: geometric; rectangle; triangle; line; broken line

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Horns

Pair of buffalo horns held by a piece of wood inserted into the extremity of each and fastened with nails.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

buffalo horn; buffalo hide; wood; metal; animal
Width: 36cm
69-00330-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Buffalo

CULTURAL CONTEXT: ceremonial; Riel rebellion

DESCRIPTION: Pair of buffalo horns held by a piece of wood inserted into the extremity of each and fastened with nails. A slab of buffalo hide covers the wood. Horns are mounted on a small piece of wood from a building wall.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Michif

CULTURE: Métis

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Winnipeg; Batoche

END OF PRODUCTION: 1885 C

MATERIAL: buffalo horn; buffalo hide; wood; metal; animal

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; assembled
TYPE OF OBJECT: Buffalo

CULTURAL CONTEXT: ceremonial; Riel rebellion

DESCRIPTION: Pair of buffalo horns held by a piece of wood inserted into the extremity of each and fastened with nails. A slab of buffalo hide covers the wood. Horns are mounted on a small piece of wood from a building wall.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Michif

CULTURE: Métis

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Winnipeg; Batoche

END OF PRODUCTION: 1885 C

MATERIAL: buffalo horn; buffalo hide; wood; metal; animal

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; assembled

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Mocassins

Pair of buckskin moccasins. Finely gathered supple sole.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; buckskin; cloth; cotton; silk
Height: 12cm, Width: 8cm, Length: 19cm
89-02327-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Child’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Pair of buckskin moccasins. Finely gathered supple sole.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Cree

END OF PRODUCTION: 1820 C

MATERIAL: animal; buckskin; cloth; cotton; silk

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem; geometric; line
TYPE OF OBJECT: Child’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Pair of buckskin moccasins. Finely gathered supple sole.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northern Plains

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Cree

END OF PRODUCTION: 1820 C

MATERIAL: animal; buckskin; cloth; cotton; silk

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem; geometric; line

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Identify some traditional and exchange materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Cree and Métis Plains Peoples
  • Identify some objects made by Canadian Cree and Métis Plains Peoples using a combination of traditional and exchange materials and their uses
  • Describe how exchange materials have influenced the objects made by Canadian Cree and Métis Plains Peoples

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