Basket

Small rectangular scraped birchbark basket, narrower at top. Opening reinforced with wood attached with flat-stitched split roots.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

birchbark; wood; split roots
Height: 9.5cm, Width: 6.5cm, Length: 9.8cm
68-03041-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Harvest basket

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Small rectangular scraped birchbark basket, narrower at top. Opening reinforced with wood attached with flat-stitched split roots. Stitched with split roots. Geometric motifs consisting of double semicircles and flowers scratched on bark cover, sides and bottom.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Micmac

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1890

MATERIAL: birchbark; wood; split roots

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; assembled; sewn; scratched

MOTIFS: geometric; lozenge; double semicircle; line; plant; flowe
TYPE OF OBJECT: Harvest basket

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Small rectangular scraped birchbark basket, narrower at top. Opening reinforced with wood attached with flat-stitched split roots. Stitched with split roots. Geometric motifs consisting of double semicircles and flowers scratched on bark cover, sides and bottom.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Micmac

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1890

MATERIAL: birchbark; wood; split roots

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; assembled; sewn; scratched

MOTIFS: geometric; lozenge; double semicircle; line; plant; flowe

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Headdress

Pointed headdress made from two pieces of felted wool in the shape of a truncated rectangle sewn on both sides.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

cotton; feather; glass bead; cloth; wool; silk
Height: 36cm, Width: 20cm
68-03370-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Young woman

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Celebration

DESCRIPTION: Pointed headdress made from two pieces of felted wool in the shape of a truncated rectangle sewn on both sides, decorated with glass beadwork in white and blue in double semicircle pattern, red and green appliqué ribbon and decorative feathers. Wrapped in red, gold or green silk ribbon embroidered with thread and beads. Lower border trimmed with ribbon. Ribbon bows on rear and tip. Four narrow ribbon tassels along rear seam, two near front tips. Ribbon flower with short feather sewn on each panel at ear level.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Micmac

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850

MATERIAL: cotton; feather; glass bead; cloth; wool; silk

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; double semicircle; zigzag
TYPE OF OBJECT: Young woman

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Celebration

DESCRIPTION: Pointed headdress made from two pieces of felted wool in the shape of a truncated rectangle sewn on both sides, decorated with glass beadwork in white and blue in double semicircle pattern, red and green appliqué ribbon and decorative feathers. Wrapped in red, gold or green silk ribbon embroidered with thread and beads. Lower border trimmed with ribbon. Ribbon bows on rear and tip. Four narrow ribbon tassels along rear seam, two near front tips. Ribbon flower with short feather sewn on each panel at ear level.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Micmac

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850

MATERIAL: cotton; feather; glass bead; cloth; wool; silk

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; double semicircle; zigzag

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Rattle

Long piece of wood inserted into two moose hooves held in place by a nail, with a central moosehide band on which are sewn two leather tabs, fringed at both ends.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; moosehide; leather; cotton thread; moose hoof; metal; animal; cloth
Width: 14cm, Length: 43cm
75-01158-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Ceremonial; celebration; trade

DESCRIPTION: Long piece of wood inserted into two moose hooves held in place by a nail, with a central moosehide band on which are sewn two leather tabs, fringed at both ends. A moosehide thong runs through a perforation at the lower end of the handle.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1960 C

MATERIAL: wood; moosehide; leather; cotton thread; moose hoof; metal; animal; cloth

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; hewn; cut; assembled; sewn; nailed
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Ceremonial; celebration; trade

DESCRIPTION: Long piece of wood inserted into two moose hooves held in place by a nail, with a central moosehide band on which are sewn two leather tabs, fringed at both ends. A moosehide thong runs through a perforation at the lower end of the handle.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1960 C

MATERIAL: wood; moosehide; leather; cotton thread; moose hoof; metal; animal; cloth

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; hewn; cut; assembled; sewn; nailed

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Sieve

Double-rimmed. Bottom in perforated weave or wickerwork. Mahogany geometric patterns on bottom and rim.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

reed; wood
88-02735-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Winnowing basket

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Double-rimmed. Bottom in perforated weave or wickerwork. Mahogany geometric patterns on bottom and rim.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Abnaki

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: reed; wood

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; braided

MOTIFS: Geometric
TYPE OF OBJECT: Winnowing basket

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Double-rimmed. Bottom in perforated weave or wickerwork. Mahogany geometric patterns on bottom and rim.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Abnaki

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: reed; wood

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; braided

MOTIFS: Geometric

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Tambourine

Wooden frame over which is stretched an animal skin, making a tray shape.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; skin; wood; metal; pigment; paint
88-03160-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: ritual; ceremonial

DESCRIPTION: Wooden frame over which is stretched an animal skin, making a tray shape. Ochre-coloured painted outline. Symbols drawn with finger in paint. Skin is held around rim with small nails.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Manitoulin Island

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Odawa

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: animal; skin; wood; metal; pigment; paint

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; assembled; nailed; painted

MOTIFS: geometric; symbol; triangle; circle; swastika
CULTURAL CONTEXT: ritual; ceremonial

DESCRIPTION: Wooden frame over which is stretched an animal skin, making a tray shape. Ochre-coloured painted outline. Symbols drawn with finger in paint. Skin is held around rim with small nails.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Manitoulin Island

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Odawa

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: animal; skin; wood; metal; pigment; paint

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; assembled; nailed; painted

MOTIFS: geometric; symbol; triangle; circle; swastika

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Necklace

Amulet made from red wool, blue silk, a black velvet ribbon and bear claws (20).

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

cloth; bear claws; cotton; wool; silk; metal; iron
Height: 3.5cm, Length: 63.5cm
68-03418-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: amulet

CULTURAL CONTEXT: spiritual

DESCRIPTION: Amulet made from red wool, blue silk, a black velvet ribbon and bear claws (20). Assembled with cotton thread.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Great Lakes region

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Ojibway

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END OF PRODUCTION: 1890 C

MATERIAL: cloth; bear claws; cotton; wool; silk; metal; iron

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; assembled
TYPE OF OBJECT: amulet

CULTURAL CONTEXT: spiritual

DESCRIPTION: Amulet made from red wool, blue silk, a black velvet ribbon and bear claws (20). Assembled with cotton thread.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Great Lakes region

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Ojibway

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END OF PRODUCTION: 1890 C

MATERIAL: cloth; bear claws; cotton; wool; silk; metal; iron

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; assembled

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Mittens

Pair of buckskin mittens with black velvet on the top, cuff and thumb, sewn with cotton thread.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; buckskin; cloth; glass bead; thread; velvet; cotton
Width: 19cm, Length: 29cm
68-03397-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Pair of buckskin mittens with black velvet on the top, cuff and thumb, sewn with cotton thread. Velvet embroidered with glass beads. Work: stitch by stitch.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Mississauga

CULTURE: Ojibway

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END DATE: 1945 C

MATERIAL: animal; buckskin; cloth; glass bead; thread; velvet; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem; geometric; lozenge; dot; rectangle; square; broken line
CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Pair of buckskin mittens with black velvet on the top, cuff and thumb, sewn with cotton thread. Velvet embroidered with glass beads. Work: stitch by stitch.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Mississauga

CULTURE: Ojibway

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END DATE: 1945 C

MATERIAL: animal; buckskin; cloth; glass bead; thread; velvet; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem; geometric; lozenge; dot; rectangle; square; broken line

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:

  • Identify some traditional and exchange materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Northeast Algonquian Peoples
  • Identify some objects made by Canadian Northeast Algonquian Peoples using a combination of traditional and exchange materials and their uses
  • Describe how exchange materials have influenced the objects made by Canadian Northeast Algonquian Peoples

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