The male Black-chinned Hummingbird is about 10 centimetres long and weighs a little more than 3 grams. Its black beak is long, straight and slender. Its back, sides, tail and crown are metallic green. Its iridescent black throat sometimes appears to be purple. A purple band separates its throat from its white breast. Its forked tail has dark feathers on each side and 2 green tail feathers in the centre. Its wings are dark.
The male Black-chinned Hummingbird is about 10 centimetres long and weighs a little more than 3 grams. Its black beak is long, straight and slender. Its back, sides, tail and crown are metallic green. Its iridescent black throat sometimes appears to be purple. A purple band separates its throat from its white breast. Its forked tail has dark feathers on each side and 2 green tail feathers in the centre. Its wings are dark.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Credit: Jack Lizard

© Jack Lizard


The female Black-chinned Hummingbird weighs a little more than the male, about 3.4 g. Like the male, its back, sides, tail and crown are metallic green. Its throat sometimes has a little dark and greenish striping. The extremities of its tail feathers are white. Immature males resemble adult females, with purple on the lower throat.
The female Black-chinned Hummingbird weighs a little more than the male, about 3.4 g. Like the male, its back, sides, tail and crown are metallic green. Its throat sometimes has a little dark and greenish striping. The extremities of its tail feathers are white. Immature males resemble adult females, with purple on the lower throat.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)

Credit: Ra'id Khalil

© Ra'id Khalil


The nest is built of plant down woven together with spider webs and is made on a trailing branch or in the fork of a tree branch. It is usually located 2 metres from the ground. The female usually has two clutches per year, and sometimes three. The two eggs are incubated for between 16 to 21 days.
The nest is built of plant down woven together with spider webs and is made on a trailing branch or in the fork of a tree branch. It is usually located 2 metres from the ground. The female usually has two clutches per year, and sometimes three. The two eggs are incubated for between 16 to 21 days.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)

Credit: Desert Vu

© Desert Vu


Chances are rare that you'll see a Black-chinned Hummingbird in Canada; only a few of these birds nest in the interior of British Columbia. They normally frequent semi-arid settings, gorges and canyons.
Chances are rare that you'll see a Black-chinned Hummingbird in Canada; only a few of these birds nest in the interior of British Columbia. They normally frequent semi-arid settings, gorges and canyons.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)

Credit: Jack Lizard

© Jack Lizard


The Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri) rarely nests in Canada. It may be seen in rare locations in Alberta and British Columbia. In the United States, it is found in a number of habitats: mountains, plains, cities, deserts and canyons.
The Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri) rarely nests in Canada. It may be seen in rare locations in Alberta and British Columbia. In the United States, it is found in a number of habitats: mountains, plains, cities, deserts and canyons.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Black-chinned Hummingbird Range

Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook,
The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

© Natureserve


Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • summarize information on Black-chinned Hummingbird (nest, habitat, range, approximate size)

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