Ambulatory Walls -the ambulatory refers to the passageway located behind the altar area Basilica - the Latin word basilica was originally used to describe a Roman public building, usually located at the centre of a Roman town. Eventually, the term came to refer to a large and important church that has been given special ceremonial rights by the Pope. The term Major Basilica refers primarily to those five major churches in Rome, also referred to as Patriarchal Basilicas. They are: • St. John Lateran, Cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, Patriarch of the West, the Pope
• St. Peter’s Basilica, assigned to the Patriarch of Constantinople
• St. Paul’s outside the walls, the Patriarch of Alexandria
• St. Mary Major, the Patriarch of Antioch
• St. Lawrence outside the walls, the Patriarch of Jerusalem
Minor Basilicas (the designation given to the Basilica of St. John the Baptist) are much more common. Read More
  • Ambulatory Walls -the ambulatory refers to the passageway located behind the altar area
  • Basilica - the Latin word basilica was originally used to describe a Roman public building, usually located at the centre of a Roman town. Eventually, the term came to refer to a large and important church that has been given special ceremonial rights by the Pope. The term Major Basilica refers primarily to those five major churches in Rome, also referred to as Patriarchal Basilicas. They are:
• St. John Lateran, Cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, Patriarch of the West, the Pope
• St. Peter’s Basilica, assigned to the Patriarch of Constantinople
• St. Paul’s outside the walls, the Patriarch of Alexandria
• St. Mary Major, the Patriarch of Antioch
• St. Lawrence outside the walls, the Patriarch of Jerusalem
Minor Basilicas (the designation given to the Basilica of St. John the Baptist) are much more common.
  • Campanile -a free-standing bell tower
  • High Altar -large churches such as the Basilica-Cathedral usually have several altars. The term high altar refers to the main altar located in the front of the church.
  • Mistaken Point -a geological rock formation located near Cape Race on the Avalon Peninsula on the southeastern tip of the island of Newfoundland. The site is best known as home to the oldest and most extensive collection of fossils ranging from 560 to 575 million years old.
  • Our Lady of Fatima -the title given to the Virgin Mary by Catholics and others who believe that she appeared to three shepherd children near Fatima, Portugal in 1917. It is believed that three Portuguese children received apparitions of Our Lady at Cova da Iria, near Fatima, 110 miles north of Lisbon.
  • Pallium -a narrow woolen band worn around the shoulders, over Eucharistic vestments; conferred upon archbishops.
  • Romanesque -a style of architecture that flourished in Western Europe between 1050 and 1200. This style derived its name from the fact that it drew much of its influence from Roman architecture.
  • Statuary -a term used to describe a collection of statues
  • Side Altar -an altar that is not the main or high altar of a church and therefore located to the side of the main or high altar

© Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. John's 2006

1. Who is primarily responsible for the construction of the Basilica-Cathedral?
Bishop Michael Francis Howley Governor Henry Prescott Bishop Michael Anthony Fleming Bishop John Thomas Mullock 2. What was the year of the Basilica-Cathedral’s consecration?
1871 1855 1837 1841 3. According to local legend, the land for the Basilica was a gift from:
Sir Edward Morris Pope Pius XI Queen Victoria Governor Henry Prescott 4. Which of the following was not a location used to quarry stone for the construction of the Basilica-Cathedral?
Fort Townsend Signal Hill Ireland Kelly’s Island, Conception Bay 5. Bishop John Thomas Mullock had an avid collection of:
stamps books wines DVD’s 6. The Pallium is a piece of garment customarily worn Read More
1. Who is primarily responsible for the construction of the Basilica-Cathedral?
  1. Bishop Michael Francis Howley
  2. Governor Henry Prescott
  3. Bishop Michael Anthony Fleming
  4. Bishop John Thomas Mullock
2. What was the year of the Basilica-Cathedral’s consecration?
  1. 1871
  2. 1855
  3. 1837
  4. 1841
3. According to local legend, the land for the Basilica was a gift from:
  1. Sir Edward Morris
  2. Pope Pius XI
  3. Queen Victoria
  4. Governor Henry Prescott
4. Which of the following was not a location used to quarry stone for the construction of the Basilica-Cathedral?
  1. Fort Townsend
  2. Signal Hill
  3. Ireland
  4. Kelly’s Island, Conception Bay
5. Bishop John Thomas Mullock had an avid collection of:
  1. stamps
  2. books
  3. wines
  4. DVD’s
6. The Pallium is a piece of garment customarily worn by:
  1. a Priest
  2. a Pope
  3. a Cardinal
  4. a Bishop
7. The Veiled Virgin was created in flawless Carrera marble and brought from:
  1. France
  2. Ireland
  3. Spain
  4. Italy
8. Bishop Fleming is credited with:
  1. the formation of a Catholic education system in the colony of Newfoundland
  2. the construction of the Basilica-Cathedral
  3. establishing a political voice for Irish Catholic immigrants in a British ruled colony
  4. all of the above
9. The gift of the Our Lady of Fatima display to the parishioners of Newfoundland commemorates:
  1. the arrival of the Pope in Newfoundland
  2. the economic fishing relationship between Portugal and Newfoundland and the 100th anniversary of the Basilica
  3. the success of the Irish in Newfoundland
  4. the life and times of Bishop Michael Anthony Fleming
10. Brother J.B Darcy’s musical Miracle In Stone is a reenactment of:
  1. the gathering of stone for the Basilica-Cathedral
  2. the visit of Portugeuse fishermen in 1955
  3. the construction of Giovanni Strazzi’s Veiled Virgin
  4. the consecration of the Basilica-Cathedral
11. Both St. Bonaventure’s College and the Bishop’s Residence were constructed by:
  1. Bishop Michael Francis Howley
  2. Bishop John Thomas Mullock
  3. Pope John Paul II
  4. Bishop Michael Anthony Fleming

© Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. John's 2006

Answers for the Quiz for History of the Basilica.

Archives of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. John's.
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. John's.

© Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. John's 2006


Learning Objectives

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