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Acadians on PEI


Period     1860-1890


Acadian Renewal and National Conventions

The period of 1860 to 1890 was a period of renewal for Acadians. It was during this period that a series of three conventions were held to deal with promoting the advancement of Acadian people and the preservation of their culture.

Miscouche was the location of the second convention in 1884. The convention made Acadians aware of their precarious situation and resulted in actions to counteract the trends toward assimilation. A motion was passed at the Miscouche convention requesting that the provincial government improve French education for young people. The motion specifically requested that the government raise the standard of teaching French in the Acadian districts to the same level as the teaching of English, pay Acadian teachers the same salary for teaching French as other teachers, and have the inspection of Acadian schools take place in French. It was not until the 1890s that the government agreed to some of these demands.


The Miscouche convention was important in that I was the event where a number of identifying symbols were chosen to unite and distinguish Acadians. The French tri-colour with a gold start in the blue stripe was adopted as the Acadian flag, and a Latin hymn for Ave Maris Stella was composed as the national anthem. The motto L'union fait la force, meaning "strength through union", was selected as the Acadian motto.


In 1864, the first Acadian convent in the Maritimes was opened in Miscouche. In just two years there were approximately 90 people attending the convent. French prevailed in the convent until the beginning of the 20th Century.

Poster of Acadian National Convention held in Miscouche, PEI

A Second Acadian Convention took place on August 15, 1884 at Miscouche, PEI.

Acadian Flag adopted 1884

The Acadian Flag - A symbol of the Acadian culture

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